The term narrative is used in different contexts. For example, a narrative may refer to the epic as a literary genre, but the term is also used as a generic term for, for example, short stories, anecdotes, legends or novellas. In addition, the narrative represents its own genre, which is similar in principle to a novel.
However, a narrative is usually shorter, less nested and mostly tells only a course of action that is presented chronologically and from only one perspective. From the point of view of literary history, the narrative is a textual form that describes in a simple and vivid form a rather simple event that is based on reality.
Events and action
In this respect, the narrative is related to a report, but has some differences. The theme of a narrative is an event, and in content, the narrative presents an action, in which it also contains feelings, thoughts, and verbal speeches. By contrast, in a report, events are described clearly, clearly, factually and objectively. While the intent of a report is to inform readers, a narrative wants to entertain.
Instructions and tips to write a story
In many cases, students in school are learning how to write stories. If you want to write a story later, for example as a hobby author for your own book, you can orient yourself to the basic instructions and the numerous tips that apply to the writing of narrations.
The instructions foresee that a narrative is divided into three parts, namely a short introduction, a detailed body leading to the climax of the story, and a short conclusion.
Of course, before the author can write a narrative, he first needs a suitable topic. This may be an event that has actually been experienced or even an imaginary event, but it is important that the story in the narrated form could also take place in real life.
If the topic is fixed, it makes sense to create a kind of writing plan. On the one hand, the writing plan serves as a guide and, on the other hand, prevents the author from deviating from the actual topic or the individual narrative steps that lead to the climax of the story.
In addition, the author should consider from which perspective he wants to tell. A narrative can be written in ego form or from another perspective, but this perspective is then preserved all the time. Then the author can start writing his narrative.
The first part of a narrative is the introduction.
This is quite short, but should answer to what people in the story, when and where the story is set and what will happen in the following. Even if the introduction is short, it plays an important role, because often already the first sentence decides whether a story sounds so exciting and interesting that it is even read. Now there are a number of tips on how to write an introduction. In practice, it has proven useful to describe the initial situation either visually and vividly or to enter directly into the story with, for example, direct speech, without anticipating the climax.
The introduction then leads to the main part. It consists of several narrative steps that continuously build a suspense arc and finally lead to the climax of the narrative at the end of the main part.
It is important that the climax is formulated very vividly, for example through direct speech or through meaningful rewriting of the feelings and thoughts of the characters in this situation.
At the end of the main part and after the climax, the arc of tension dissolves.
The final section describes the consequences of the event and completes the narrative. Unlike many other literary genres, most narrations usually leave no questions unanswered. That is, with the last word, the narrative is actually finished and the story is finished.